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This image above is a painting of Socrates taking the chalace of poison that me must drink to execute himself He was conficted or worshiping false gods and corrupting the youth, charges that many of his comrades and students think were a corupt act on the part of the governement as they viewed Socrates as a threat for exposing certiain truths.
What were these truths, and how could they threaten the governement so much that they felt the need to execute the author of such thoughts?
The truths that Socrates uncovered had to do with a total reversal of what we as humans are inclined to think of as good. Socrates warned against the powerful effect pleasure has on our minds, and came to understand that all bodily pelasures were simply distractions from understanding what is important in life. He believed that life should be lived to seek wisdom, truth, and understanding in order to ready our souls for death, so that when we die, our soul will part from our body much easier and we can ascend to live amongst the gods, who are bodyless and limitless. On the contrary, those who die a life that was full of chasing bodily pleasures, will eventually be cursed and reincarnated back into another body, until they can realize how it is to really achieve freedom from bodies and live eternally.
Because Socrates was such a great philosophy, he welcomed the drinking of the poison, and thus his death, and died amongst him comrades ensuring them not to be afraid of death, and instead embrace it when your time has come upon you!
Check out this great clip from a movie done on Wittgenstein. This shows how he thought "the limits on my language is the limit on my world" (Tractatus Logico Philosophicus). He believed we need to look how words are used in our lives to understand the emaning that the words have, and how propositions can represent actual existing states of affairs.
Wittgenstein's most famous work was his Tractatus Logico Philisophicus, yet he later took back everything he wrote and called the TLP a bunch of crap.
If you would like to read more about Wittgenstein, click here
Some of my favorite philosophers:
|Socrates||469 – 399 BC|
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